Executive Function Disorder

Students with Executive Function Disorder

Executive Function disorder can be a hereditary irregularity,  injury related, disease related,  a or difference in brain structure and brain chemicals.  A  qualified health professional or an educational professional can help to determine if your child is struggling with this disorder. Educators can provide comprehensive tests to determine whether or not there are learning differences that may be associated with EFD.  Many students with similar symptoms are also diagnosed with ADHD. A student with this disorder at any grade level can benefit from the use of certain tools to become more efficient in school and at home.

Elementary level students generally benefit from Multi-sensory learning because it helps keep them focused and attentive. Multi-sensory learning helps younger students to maintain interest in the material they are learning.  These younger students may need to hear, see, and feel during their lesson plan in order to better recall what they have learned. Outlining writing assignments using graphic organizers or Venn Diagrams will also improve productivity.  It helps the student organize their thoughts and information so they can draw a clearer conclusion.  Using timelines to plan a process for storytelling helps the student to plan future projects in chronological order from start to finish. Mind-mapping concepts is a crucial learning skill that with practice can become a good foundation for these students in the future.

Secondary level students may find the us of planners, organizers, tabs, labels and folders helps them to stay on track with homework, tests and writing assignments.  Think about starting a plan for each assignment from beginning to end.  A good example is to distinguish topics, research the topics, organize materials, and then to outline key information. The goal is to have the student prepare, organize, and complete each stage and get them accustomed to this routine for every assignment.  Doing this will also help manage tasks to be done at home.  Write a to do list for each day, including chores, homework, projects, and study time.

High school and pre-college students may need extra time on tests, or help with time management.  As these older students begin to have a more demanding schedule and more responsibilities it may become difficult for them to manage certain dates and deadlines.  Knowing how long it may take to complete a project is something they will struggle with, so have them maintain a calendar so that they are constantly aware of important due dates. If necessary, have educators provide a monthly agenda for them. The challenge will be to keep them accountable for everything they will need to remember to do.   Older students who have access to more technology-based assistance can use online reminders and read aloud options to their advantage. Remind them not to get frustrated when they feel overwhelmed and overloaded with assignments. If these students are struggling with time limitations, talk to educators about possible extensions for projects or tests.